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Rhythm of Thought

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On becoming the Governor-General of Nigeria after the 1914 amalgamation, Lord Fredrick Lugard ionalists who called for broader representation.
implemented the idea of the Nigerian Council acclaimed to be the first constitutional development in Nigeria. Its resolutions had no force of law. Though the council encouraged the spirit of nationalism by bringing Nigerians of different groupings together, yet its lopsided nature in favour of the colonialists meant it was opposed by the emerging nat

The Clifford Constitution of 1922 was promulgated to accommodate more indigenous interest and expand the governance structure. The constitution introduced new Legislative and Executive councils to replace the Nigerian Council and the old council of the Lagos Colony. Elective principle was introduced leading to the formation of the first political party, the Nigeria National Democratic Party (NNDP) in 1923.

The constitution reflected the divide-and-rule policy of the British colonialists by allowing the north to retain its accepted mode of traditional leadership, while the rest of the country were made to abide by the tenets enunciated by the constitution which included limited franchise, as only male adults earning 100 Pounds per annum were allowed to vote.
Under the Clifford Constitution, the Legislative Council was dominated by Europeans. As a result of these demerits, the Richard Constitution of 1946 was promulgated.

If the writings of scholars like Alli Mazrui and Kirk-Green are taken into consideration, by preserving Northern Nigeria especially as an area of cultural authenticity and autonomy, with its own strong institutions, Britain inadvertently contributed to the forces which culminated in the Nigerian civil war.

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